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which Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affect?

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Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affec

Last Updated on September 1, 2022 by Nurse Vicky

which Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affect?

 

 

If you’re wondering What Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affect, then read on to learn the answers to these questions.

The disease can affect any category of human being, including children, women, men, and those with HIV.

The first step in determining your risk of getting monkeypox is recognizing that you’re at risk for the disease.

In order to protect yourself from the disease, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Men who have sex with men

 

Men who have sex with men

It’s no surprise that monkeypox affects men, but it’s even worse when men are gay.

Although the disease has been eradicated in many areas, it is still present in some communities, including New York.

In fact, it affects more Black men than any other race, and two-thirds of the cases are HIV positive.

Furthermore, the number of new HIV diagnoses among black men is 73% higher than those of white men.

While most cases of monkeypox are reported in Africa, the disease is primarily a global threat, and it’s devastating to gay and bisexual men.

A recent outbreak of monkeypox in various parts of the world has caused concern for individuals affected by it.

The virus has been identified in the communities of gay and bisexual men as well as men who have sex with other males. It’s important to understand the disease in order to protect yourself.

Also, you should limit your sexual relationships if you’re gay or bisexual.

Women

 

Women

While it is not uncommon for gay men to contract monkeypox, the majority of cases are in gay or bisexual men, according to recent data. Since the 1970s, the outbreaks in Africa have repeatedly been documented.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 60% of people affected by monkeypox are men and 40% are women. Interestingly, the disease is not limited to gay men, and its symptoms are similar to those of a normal outbreak.

This disease is spread through sexual contact and through the spread of infectious diseases.

The virus infects human cells via semen from infected men. However, monkeypox is not spread through sexual contact. It can spread in many other ways.

Although it is sometimes confused with an STD, it should not be mistaken for one.

Scientists urge people to know the difference between the myths and facts about this disease.

Children

 

Children

The main way in which monkeypox spreads are through close contacts, such as touching an infected person’s skin.

The virus can also be spread through sexual contact. Children are most at risk for monkeypox if they have a close relationship with a person with the disease.

The CDC recommends taking the necessary precautions when a family member has the disease.

It is important to keep children and their pets away from the infected person.

CDC published clinical guidance for physicians regarding the symptoms of monkeypox in children.

The symptoms of monkeypox can be more severe in children younger than eight years old.

Treatment is important for children who develop symptoms, and tecovirimat (TPOXX) is recommended for all children under eight years of age.

This medicine is available online and at health care centers. The disease is contagious and is spread through household contact.

People with HIV

 

People with HIV

Although the majority of people affected by monkeypox are men, it can also infect women.

The virus is contagious, so close contact with the pustules is the most common way to contract it.

However, it can be stigmatizing to men who are gay or bisexual, so public health messaging should keep sex at the forefront of the conversation.

For example, men who are HIV-positive may have an increased risk of contracting monkeypox, but they can still be vaccinated without the virus.

The most common signs and symptoms of monkeypox include a characteristic rash, fever, and lymphadenopathy.

Patients should seek medical attention if any of these symptoms persist after six weeks or after the virus has infected them.

However, some people may experience atypical manifestations of the disease or have an even more severe infection.

Monkeypox symptoms are very similar to those of other infections, including fever, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.

FAQ

How can I protect myself and others against monkeypox?

Answer

Reduce your risk of catching monkeypox by limiting close contact with people who have suspected or confirmed monkeypox, or with animals who could be infected.

Clean and disinfect environments that could have been contaminated with the virus from someone who is infectious regularly.

Keep yourself informed about monkeypox in your area and have open conversations with those you come into close contact (especially sexual contact) with about any symptoms you or they may have.

If you think you might have monkeypox, you can act to protect others by seeking medical advice and isolating from others until have been evaluated and tested.

If you have probable or confirmed monkeypox, you should isolate from others until all of your lesions have crusted over, the scabs have fallen off and a new layer of skin has formed underneath. This will stop you from passing on the virus to others.

Get advice from your health worker on whether you should isolate at home or in a health facility. Until more is understood about transmission through sexual fluids, use condoms as a precaution whilst having sexual contact for 12 weeks after you have recovered

If I have monkeypox, what should I do to protect other people from getting infected?

Answer

If you have monkeypox, your healthcare provider will advise if you should be cared for in hospital or at home. This will depend on how serious your symptoms are, whether you have risk factors that put you at risk for more serious symptoms, and whether you can minimize the risk of infecting anyone you live with.

If you are advised to isolate at home, you should not go out. Protect others you live with as much as possible by:

  • Isolating in a separate room
  • Using a separate bathroom, or cleaning after each use
  • Cleaning frequently touched surfaces with soap and water and a household disinfectant and avoiding sweeping/vacuuming (this might disturb virus particles and cause others to become infected)
  • Using separate utensils, towels, bedding and electronics
  • Doing your own laundry (lift bedding, clothes and towels carefully without shaking them, put materials in a plastic bag before carrying it to the washing machine and wash them with hot water > 60 degrees)
  • Opening windows for good ventilation
  • Encouraging everyone in the house to clean their hands regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

If you cannot avoid being in the same room as someone else or having close contact with another person while isolating at home, then do your best to limit their risk by:

  • Avoiding touching each other
  • Cleaning your hands often
  • Covering your rash with clothing or bandages
  • Opening windows throughout the home
  • Ensuring you and anyone in the room with you wear well-fitting medical masks
  • Maintaining at least 1 meter of distance.

If you cannot do your own laundry and someone else needs to do it for you, they should wear a well-fitting medical mask, disposable gloves and take the laundry precautions listed above.

What should I do if I think I may have monkeypox symptoms or have been exposed to someone who has monkeypox?

Answer

If you have had close contact with someone who has monkeypox or an environment that may have been contaminated with the virus, monitor yourself closely for signs and symptoms for 21 days after the time you were last exposed.

Limit close contact with other people as much as you can, and when it is unavoidable let your contact know that you have been exposed to monkeypox.

If you think you have symptoms of monkeypox, contact your healthcare provider for advice, testing and medical care. Until you receive your test result, isolate yourself from others if possible. Clean your hands regularly.

If you test positive for monkeypox, your healthcare provider will advise you on whether you should isolate at home or in a health facility, and what care you need.

Are men who have sex with men at higher risk of catching monkeypox?

Answer

The risk of monkeypox is not limited to people who are sexually active or men who have sex with men. Anyone who has close contact with someone who has symptoms is at risk.

Many of the cases that have been reported in this outbreak have been identified among men who have sex with men.

Given that the virus is currently moving from person to person in these social networks, men who have sex with men may currently be at higher risk of being exposed if they have close contact with someone who is infectious.

Some cases of monkeypox have been identified at sexual health clinics. One reason we are currently hearing more reports of cases of monkeypox in communities of men who have sex with men may be because of positive health seeking behaviour in this population group.

Monkeypox rashes can resemble some sexually transmitted diseases, including herpes and syphilis, which may partly explain why these cases are being picked up at sexual health clinics.

As we learn more, we may identify more cases in the broader community.

Engaging communities of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men to raise awareness is essential to protect those most at risk. If you are a man who has sex with men, know your risk and take steps to protect yourself and others.

Anyone who has symptoms that could be monkeypox should seek advice from a health care provider immediately to get tested and access care
Answer
Can I get monkeypox from a plane seat or a hotel bed? While we know monkeypox can spread through infected surfaces, it is unlikely that you’ll get the disease from a plane seat or a hotel bed because of the standard cleaning and disinfecting procedures, Chen said, but it is not impossible.

 Conclusion

 

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How to Maintain Healthy Eating Habits at Social Events

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Sister Regina Liu

How to Maintain Healthy Eating Habits at Social Events

Social events often pose a challenge to maintaining healthy eating habits. With an abundance of delicious yet unhealthy food options, it’s easy to stray from your nutritional goals.

However, by planning and making mindful choices, you can enjoy social gatherings without compromising your health. Here are some practical tips to help you maintain healthy eating habits at social events.

Plan Ahead

Eat Before You Go

Before attending a social event, eat a small, healthy meal. This can help curb your appetite and prevent overeating. Choose foods high in protein and fiber, such as a chicken salad or a bowl of oatmeal with fruits.

Research the Menu

If the event is at a restaurant or has a set menu, research the options beforehand. Look for healthy choices and decide what you will order in advance. This can help you avoid impulsive decisions when you’re hungry and tempted by less healthy options.

Make Smart Choices

Opt for Smaller Portions

It’s easy to overindulge at social events, especially when the food is served buffet-style. Opt for smaller portions to enjoy a variety of foods without overeating. Use a smaller plate if possible, and fill it with vegetables and lean proteins first.

Choose Healthy Alternatives

Look for healthier alternatives to traditional party foods. For example, choose grilled chicken over fried chicken, or a vegetable platter over chips and dip. If you’re hosting the event, consider providing healthy options for your guests.

Stay Hydrated

Drink Water

Staying hydrated is essential for maintaining healthy eating habits. Drink plenty of water throughout the event to help you feel full and avoid mistaking thirst for hunger. If you’re drinking alcohol, alternate with water to stay hydrated and reduce your alcohol intake.

Avoid Sugary Drinks

Sugary drinks, such as soda and fruit punch, can add a significant amount of empty calories to your diet. Opt for water, sparkling water, or unsweetened tea instead.

Be Mindful of Alcohol

Limit Your Intake

Alcohol can lower your inhibitions and lead to overeating. Limit your alcohol intake to avoid this. If you do choose to drink, opt for lower-calorie options such as a wine spritzer or a light beer.

Eat Before Drinking

Eating a healthy meal before drinking can help slow the absorption of alcohol and prevent you from getting too intoxicated, which can lead to poor food choices.

Practice Mindful Eating

Pay Attention to Your Hunger Cues

Listen to your body and eat when you’re hungry, not just because food is available. Take small bites, chew thoroughly, and savor the flavors. This can help you enjoy your food more and eat less.

Avoid Mindless Eating

Social events often involve a lot of mingling and distractions, which can lead to mindless eating. Be aware of what and how much you’re eating, and avoid standing near the food table to reduce temptation.

Bring Your Healthy Dish

Contribute a Healthy Option

If you’re attending a potluck or a family gathering, bring a healthy dish to share. This ensures that there will be at least one nutritious option available, and it can inspire others to make healthier choices as well.

Offer to Help with Meal Prep

If you’re close to the host, offer to help with meal preparation. This can give you some control over the menu and an opportunity to suggest or prepare healthier options.

Set Realistic Goals

Allow Yourself to Indulge in Moderation

It’s okay to indulge in your favorite treats occasionally. Allow yourself to enjoy small portions of your favorite foods without guilt. This can prevent feelings of deprivation and make it easier to stick to your healthy eating habits in the long run.

Focus on Socializing

Remember that social events are about spending time with friends and family. Focus on socializing and enjoying the company, rather than making food the main attraction.

Stay Active

Incorporate Physical Activity

If possible, incorporate physical activity into the event. This could be as simple as a walk after the meal or playing a game of catch. Physical activity can help offset some of the extra calories consumed and keep you energized.

Dance the Night Away

If there’s music and dancing, take advantage of it! Dancing is a fun way to burn calories and stay active while enjoying the event.

Maintain a Positive Mindset

Don’t Stress Over Perfection

It’s important to remember that one meal or one event won’t make or break your healthy eating habits. Don’t stress over perfection. Instead, focus on making the best choices you can and getting back on track with your regular eating habits after the event.

Celebrate Your Successes

Celebrate the small victories, such as choosing a healthy option or stopping when you’re full. Acknowledging your successes can boost your confidence and help you stay motivated.

that you can enjoy guilt-free.

Conclusion

Maintaining healthy eating habits at social events requires planning, mindful choices, and a focus on socializing rather than just food. By implementing these strategies, you can enjoy social gatherings without compromising your health. Remember, it’s all about balance and making the best choices for your well-being.

FAQs

1. How can I resist the temptation of unhealthy foods at social events?

To resist temptation, eat a healthy meal before attending the event, stay hydrated, and focus on socializing rather than food. Bringing your healthy dish can also help.

2. What are some healthy snack options to bring to a potluck?

Healthy snack options include vegetable platters with hummus, fruit salads, whole-grain crackers with cheese, and Greek yogurt with mixed berries.

3. How do I handle peer pressure to eat unhealthy foods?

Politely decline or take a small portion to satisfy your peers without compromising your dietary goals. You can also explain your commitment to healthy eating if comfortable.

4. Is it okay to indulge occasionally at social events?

Yes, occasional indulgence is fine. The key is moderation. Enjoy small portions of your favorite treats without overindulging.

5. What should I do if I overeat at a social event?

Don’t stress about it. Return to your healthy eating habits at your next meal and consider increasing your physical activity to balance out the extra calories.


References :

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“NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause – What We Experience is Much More Severe”

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"NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause

“NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause – What We Experience is Much More Severe”

In recent years, a growing number of individuals have faced challenges in receiving appropriate medical attention for their health conditions.

Many have reported that their symptoms, often dismissed as merely menopausal, are part of a broader and more serious health crisis.

This article delves into the experiences of those affected, exploring the ramifications of misdiagnosis and the urgent need for greater awareness and understanding within the healthcare system.

Understanding the Symptoms

Individuals experiencing symptoms often associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, mood swings, and fatigue, may be facing more complex health issues.

These symptoms can stem from various underlying conditions, which may require different treatment approaches. Misidentification of these symptoms can lead to inadequate care and a worsening of the individual’s health.

The Impact of Misdiagnosis

Misdiagnosis can have serious consequences. When healthcare professionals dismiss legitimate concerns, patients may feel invalidated and lose trust in the healthcare system.

This can result in delays in receiving necessary treatments, worsening symptoms, and deteriorating mental health.

Case Studies: Real Voices, Real Experiences

  1. Sarah’s Story Sarah, a 45-year-old woman, began experiencing severe fatigue and joint pain. Initially brushed off as menopausal symptoms, she later discovered she had an autoimmune disorder that required immediate treatment. Sarah’s experience highlights the importance of comprehensive examinations and not hastily attributing symptoms to menopause.
  2. Tom’s Journey Tom, a 50-year-old man, experienced mood swings and significant weight changes. His doctor attributed these changes to mid-life hormonal shifts. After seeking a second opinion, Tom was diagnosed with thyroid dysfunction, a condition that was treatable but had been overlooked.

The Need for Awareness and Education

Increasing awareness among both patients and healthcare providers about the potential seriousness of overlooked symptoms is crucial. Educational initiatives and training for healthcare professionals can lead to better diagnostic practices and improved patient outcomes.

Symptoms That Should Not Be Ignored

Certain symptoms should prompt further investigation rather than immediate dismissal. These include:

  • Severe fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain
  • Persistent joint or muscle pain
  • Significant mood changes
  • Memory loss or cognitive difficulties

Recognizing these symptoms can lead to earlier diagnoses and interventions, potentially preventing further health complications.

Advocating for Change in the Healthcare System

Advocacy is key in addressing the challenges faced by those experiencing misdiagnosed health conditions. Patient advocacy groups play an essential role in raising awareness, providing resources, and pushing for changes within healthcare systems.

Empowering Patients

Empowering patients to take charge of their health can foster better communication with healthcare providers.

Here are some tips for individuals navigating their health concerns:

  • Educate Yourself: Understand your symptoms and research potential conditions that could be affecting you.
  • Seek Second Opinions: Don’t hesitate to consult another doctor if you feel your concerns aren’t being taken seriously.
  • Document Your Symptoms: Keeping a journal of your symptoms can provide valuable information to your healthcare provider.

Conclusion

The issue of misdiagnosis related to menopause and other serious health conditions is critical and demands immediate attention.

By fostering greater awareness and encouraging open dialogue between patients and healthcare providers, we can work towards a healthcare system that better serves everyone.

Understanding that symptoms may signify more severe health issues is the first step toward effective treatment and improved quality of life.

FAQs

1. What should I do if my symptoms are dismissed by my doctor?

If your symptoms are not being taken seriously, consider seeking a second opinion and documenting your symptoms to present a comprehensive case.

2. How can I educate myself about potential health issues?

Research reputable medical sources, talk to healthcare professionals, and consider joining support groups for shared experiences and knowledge.

3. Are there specific tests that can help diagnose underlying conditions?

Yes, depending on your symptoms, doctors may recommend blood tests, imaging studies, or referrals to specialists.

4. What resources are available for patient advocacy?

Many organizations focus on patient advocacy; researching local and national groups can provide valuable support and resources.

5. How can I improve communication with my healthcare provider?

Prepare for appointments by noting your symptoms, asking clear questions, and expressing your concerns confidently.


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Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter Highlights Public Health Concerns Amid Border Crisis

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Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter

Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter Highlights Public Health Concerns Amid Border Crisis

The recent detection of measles at a migrant shelter in New York City has intensified the debate surrounding the ongoing border crisis and its public health implications. This development has raised alarms among health officials and the public, highlighting the need for comprehensive strategies to manage the influx of migrants while safeguarding public health.

Understanding the Measles Outbreak

Measles, a highly contagious viral disease, poses a significant health risk, especially in densely populated areas. The outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter has put a spotlight on the challenges faced by public health officials in managing and containing such diseases within vulnerable populations.

The Impact of Measles

  • Highly Contagious: Measles spreads through respiratory droplets, making it easy to transmit in crowded conditions.
  • Severe Complications: The disease can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death, particularly in children and immunocompromised individuals.
  • Vaccination: Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, measles outbreaks still occur, often linked to unvaccinated populations.

The Border Crisis and Public Health

The ongoing border crisis has resulted in an unprecedented number of migrants entering the United States. Many of these individuals come from regions with lower vaccination rates and inadequate healthcare infrastructure, increasing the risk of disease outbreaks.

Challenges in Migrant Shelters

  • Overcrowding: Migrant shelters often operate at or beyond capacity, creating conditions conducive to the rapid spread of infectious diseases.
  • Limited Resources: Shelters frequently struggle with limited resources, including medical supplies and personnel, which hampers effective disease management and prevention.
  • Healthcare Access: Migrants may have limited access to healthcare services, including vaccinations, both in their home countries and upon arrival in the U.S.

Federal Response and Policy Implications

The Biden administration has faced criticism over its handling of the border crisis and its impact on public health. Critics argue that the administration’s policies have contributed to the current situation, while supporters contend that the challenges are multifaceted and require a comprehensive approach.

Policy Measures

  • Enhanced Screening: Implementing robust health screening protocols for migrants upon entry to identify and manage infectious diseases early.
  • Vaccination Programs: Expanding vaccination programs within migrant shelters to prevent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases.
  • Resource Allocation: Ensuring adequate resources, including medical staff and supplies, are available at migrant shelters to address health concerns promptly.

Public Health Strategies

Addressing the public health challenges posed by the border crisis requires coordinated efforts from federal, state, and local agencies, as well as collaboration with non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Preventive Measures

  • Vaccination Campaigns: Launching targeted vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas and among migrant populations to reduce the risk of outbreaks.
  • Public Awareness: Increasing public awareness about the importance of vaccination and the risks associated with measles and other infectious diseases.
  • Community Health Programs: Developing community health programs that provide education, resources, and support to both migrants and local communities.

Conclusion

The measles outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter underscores the complex interplay between public health and immigration policy.

As the border crisis continues to evolve, it is crucial to adopt comprehensive strategies that address both the immediate health needs of migrants and the broader public health concerns.

Enhanced screening, vaccination programs, and resource allocation are essential components of a robust public health response. By prioritizing these measures, we can mitigate the risks posed by infectious diseases and protect the health and well-being of all individuals.

FAQs

1. What caused the measles outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter?

The outbreak is likely due to the combination of overcrowded conditions, limited healthcare access, and the presence of unvaccinated individuals within the shelter.

2. How can measles be prevented in migrant shelters?

Prevention can be achieved through robust vaccination programs, enhanced health screenings, and improving living conditions to reduce overcrowding.

3. What are the complications of measles?

Measles can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death, particularly in children and immunocompromised individuals.

4. How is the Biden administration addressing the public health concerns related to the border crisis?

The administration is implementing enhanced screening protocols, expanding vaccination programs, and allocating resources to address health concerns in migrant shelters.

5. Why is vaccination important in preventing measles outbreaks?

Vaccination is crucial because it provides immunity against measles, reducing the risk of outbreaks and protecting vulnerable populations from severe complications.


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