Last Updated on September 1, 2022 by Nurse Vicky
which Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affect?
If you’re wondering What Categories Of People Monkeypox Can Affect, then read on to learn the answers to these questions.
The disease can affect any category of human being, including children, women, men, and those with HIV.
The first step in determining your risk of getting monkeypox is recognizing that you’re at risk for the disease.
In order to protect yourself from the disease, you should seek medical attention immediately.
Men who have sex with men
It’s no surprise that monkeypox affects men, but it’s even worse when men are gay.
Although the disease has been eradicated in many areas, it is still present in some communities, including New York.
In fact, it affects more Black men than any other race, and two-thirds of the cases are HIV positive.
Furthermore, the number of new HIV diagnoses among black men is 73% higher than those of white men.
While most cases of monkeypox are reported in Africa, the disease is primarily a global threat, and it’s devastating to gay and bisexual men.
A recent outbreak of monkeypox in various parts of the world has caused concern for individuals affected by it.
The virus has been identified in the communities of gay and bisexual men as well as men who have sex with other males. It’s important to understand the disease in order to protect yourself.
Also, you should limit your sexual relationships if you’re gay or bisexual.
While it is not uncommon for gay men to contract monkeypox, the majority of cases are in gay or bisexual men, according to recent data. Since the 1970s, the outbreaks in Africa have repeatedly been documented.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 60% of people affected by monkeypox are men and 40% are women. Interestingly, the disease is not limited to gay men, and its symptoms are similar to those of a normal outbreak.
This disease is spread through sexual contact and through the spread of infectious diseases.
The virus infects human cells via semen from infected men. However, monkeypox is not spread through sexual contact. It can spread in many other ways.
Although it is sometimes confused with an STD, it should not be mistaken for one.
Scientists urge people to know the difference between the myths and facts about this disease.
The main way in which monkeypox spreads are through close contacts, such as touching an infected person’s skin.
The virus can also be spread through sexual contact. Children are most at risk for monkeypox if they have a close relationship with a person with the disease.
The CDC recommends taking the necessary precautions when a family member has the disease.
It is important to keep children and their pets away from the infected person.
CDC published clinical guidance for physicians regarding the symptoms of monkeypox in children.
The symptoms of monkeypox can be more severe in children younger than eight years old.
Treatment is important for children who develop symptoms, and tecovirimat (TPOXX) is recommended for all children under eight years of age.
This medicine is available online and at health care centers. The disease is contagious and is spread through household contact.
People with HIV
Although the majority of people affected by monkeypox are men, it can also infect women.
The virus is contagious, so close contact with the pustules is the most common way to contract it.
However, it can be stigmatizing to men who are gay or bisexual, so public health messaging should keep sex at the forefront of the conversation.
For example, men who are HIV-positive may have an increased risk of contracting monkeypox, but they can still be vaccinated without the virus.
The most common signs and symptoms of monkeypox include a characteristic rash, fever, and lymphadenopathy.
Patients should seek medical attention if any of these symptoms persist after six weeks or after the virus has infected them.
However, some people may experience atypical manifestations of the disease or have an even more severe infection.
Monkeypox symptoms are very similar to those of other infections, including fever, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, and fatigue.
How can I protect myself and others against monkeypox?
Reduce your risk of catching monkeypox by limiting close contact with people who have suspected or confirmed monkeypox, or with animals who could be infected.
Clean and disinfect environments that could have been contaminated with the virus from someone who is infectious regularly.
Keep yourself informed about monkeypox in your area and have open conversations with those you come into close contact (especially sexual contact) with about any symptoms you or they may have.
If you think you might have monkeypox, you can act to protect others by seeking medical advice and isolating from others until have been evaluated and tested.
If you have probable or confirmed monkeypox, you should isolate from others until all of your lesions have crusted over, the scabs have fallen off and a new layer of skin has formed underneath. This will stop you from passing on the virus to others.
Get advice from your health worker on whether you should isolate at home or in a health facility. Until more is understood about transmission through sexual fluids, use condoms as a precaution whilst having sexual contact for 12 weeks after you have recovered
If I have monkeypox, what should I do to protect other people from getting infected?
If you have monkeypox, your healthcare provider will advise if you should be cared for in hospital or at home. This will depend on how serious your symptoms are, whether you have risk factors that put you at risk for more serious symptoms, and whether you can minimize the risk of infecting anyone you live with.
If you are advised to isolate at home, you should not go out. Protect others you live with as much as possible by:
- Isolating in a separate room
- Using a separate bathroom, or cleaning after each use
- Cleaning frequently touched surfaces with soap and water and a household disinfectant and avoiding sweeping/vacuuming (this might disturb virus particles and cause others to become infected)
- Using separate utensils, towels, bedding and electronics
- Doing your own laundry (lift bedding, clothes and towels carefully without shaking them, put materials in a plastic bag before carrying it to the washing machine and wash them with hot water > 60 degrees)
- Opening windows for good ventilation
- Encouraging everyone in the house to clean their hands regularly with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
If you cannot avoid being in the same room as someone else or having close contact with another person while isolating at home, then do your best to limit their risk by:
- Avoiding touching each other
- Cleaning your hands often
- Covering your rash with clothing or bandages
- Opening windows throughout the home
- Ensuring you and anyone in the room with you wear well-fitting medical masks
- Maintaining at least 1 meter of distance.
If you cannot do your own laundry and someone else needs to do it for you, they should wear a well-fitting medical mask, disposable gloves and take the laundry precautions listed above.
What should I do if I think I may have monkeypox symptoms or have been exposed to someone who has monkeypox?
If you have had close contact with someone who has monkeypox or an environment that may have been contaminated with the virus, monitor yourself closely for signs and symptoms for 21 days after the time you were last exposed.
Limit close contact with other people as much as you can, and when it is unavoidable let your contact know that you have been exposed to monkeypox.
If you think you have symptoms of monkeypox, contact your healthcare provider for advice, testing and medical care. Until you receive your test result, isolate yourself from others if possible. Clean your hands regularly.
If you test positive for monkeypox, your healthcare provider will advise you on whether you should isolate at home or in a health facility, and what care you need.
Are men who have sex with men at higher risk of catching monkeypox?
The risk of monkeypox is not limited to people who are sexually active or men who have sex with men. Anyone who has close contact with someone who has symptoms is at risk.
Many of the cases that have been reported in this outbreak have been identified among men who have sex with men.
Given that the virus is currently moving from person to person in these social networks, men who have sex with men may currently be at higher risk of being exposed if they have close contact with someone who is infectious.
Some cases of monkeypox have been identified at sexual health clinics. One reason we are currently hearing more reports of cases of monkeypox in communities of men who have sex with men may be because of positive health seeking behaviour in this population group.
Monkeypox rashes can resemble some sexually transmitted diseases, including herpes and syphilis, which may partly explain why these cases are being picked up at sexual health clinics.
As we learn more, we may identify more cases in the broader community.
Engaging communities of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men to raise awareness is essential to protect those most at risk. If you are a man who has sex with men, know your risk and take steps to protect yourself and others.
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