What Is The Cause Of Brain Damage In babies?
There are many possible causes of brain damage in infants. These include Fetal hemorrhage, Neonatal jaundice, and blood vessel blockage.
In some cases, there is no known cause, although you can rule out a number of potential causes by consulting a medical professional.
This will help you determine if the damage is mild or severe. If you suspect that your infant is suffering from brain damage, you should seek medical attention immediately.
A seizure is a temporary occurrence of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It can be mild or severe and can lead to brain damage.
In older infants and young children, seizures typically have typical symptoms, but a newborn may have none at all.
To diagnose seizures, a doctor will use electroencephalography (EEG), blood and urine tests, brain imaging, and sometimes a spinal tap.
If a baby is born with a brain injury, the baby will need immediate specialized care. A specialized center for intracranial hemorrhage is available at Texas Children’s Medical Center.
In this center, a multidisciplinary team of specialists will coordinate care for the newborn, avoiding the need for transfers during the critical postnatal period.
The center has a level IV NICU and immediate access to pediatric specialists.
There are a few things that you can do to help a newborn with a condition such as neonatal jaundice. First, make sure your baby is getting adequate nutrition.
Your provider may suggest changing the baby’s feeding schedule until jaundice has cleared.
Skin color is not an accurate indicator of the severity of jaundice, so your provider may want to perform additional tests to rule out other conditions.
Neonatal jaundice, caused by elevated bilirubin levels, is the yellowish staining of the newborn baby’s skin and whites of the eyes.
 Oversleeping or poor nutrition could be additional symptoms. Seizures, cerebral palsy, or kernicterus are examples of complications. There is typically no identifiable underlying disorder (physiologic).
 Other causes include hemolysis, liver illness, infection, hypothyroidism, or metabolic problems (pathologic).
Fetal blood vessel blockage
This condition occurs because of a blocked blood vessel in a baby’s brain. If the blood vessel is blocked during the pregnancy, a clot can form in the placenta, which prevents blood from reaching the brain.
Some babies experience brain damage during this period. Other fetal strokes are caused by blood clots on the placenta.
High blood pressure during pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease can also increase the risk of fetal stroke.
The first steps to preventing perinatal stroke are early diagnosis and rapid treatment.
While there are currently no preventive methods, an improved understanding of recovery mechanisms and rehabilitation approaches may eventually lead to new interventions.
Despite its complexities, perinatal stroke is not an affliction that should be taken lightly.
A rapid assessment by a highly qualified team of pediatric neurologists and neonatal specialists may help ensure the survival of a baby suffering from a perinatal stroke.
Fetal brain swelling
The reason for fetal brain swelling is unclear. Several factors may contribute to the loss of brain function, including increased maternal temperature, coagulation tendency, and placental endothelial damage.
Fetal infections may also lead to brain injury. Infections can affect both mother and fetus and cause fetal brain swelling.
The resulting perinatal brain damage can cause seizures and cognitive disability.
In cases of hydrocephalus, the brain does not develop normally and there may be other problems associated with the condition.
These problems may include varying degrees of cognitive and physical challenges.
Children with hydrocephalus may require repeat brain surgeries and may experience a prolonged absence from learning.
They may also experience seizures, cortical visual impairment, or Chiari malformation. It is therefore important to seek medical advice at an early again
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