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What Is The Effect Of Monkeypox Virus On Humans?

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How Is Monkeypox Transmitted To Human's body?

What Is The Effect Of Monkeypox Virus On Humans?

 

What is the effect of the monkeypox virus on humans? In this article, you’ll learn about the Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention of the disease.

The symptoms of monkeypox include fever, diarrhea, and sore throat. Listed below are the main treatment options. For prevention, you can avoid the virus entirely. The following are a few steps to take.

Symptoms

 

Disease

If you think you may have the monkeypox virus, you should get tested for it immediately.

The virus is contagious and spreads through the exchange of sexual fluids. It can also be spread through contact with an infected rodent or bedding.

Contact with infected animals is also possible, especially those in Africa. Contact with infected bedding and rodents may also spread the monkeypox virus.

The primary carriers of this disease are African rodents. In addition to the symptoms of the monkeypox virus, it may also cause secondary infections.

Symptoms of monkeypox infection depend on the individual’s health, a clade of the infecting virus, and the route of exposure.

In Africa, monkeypox infection is fatal for one in ten people. Individuals with underlying medical conditions and immunocompromised people are at higher risk of severe illness.

The symptoms of the monkeypox virus are similar to common upper respiratory infections.

Males are at the greatest risk of developing monkeypox virus infection, and it usually begins with lesions on the anogenital region.

Because monkeypox can look similar to other sexually transmitted diseases, a woman should tell her obstetrician-gynecologist if she has recently traveled or not.

Your ob-gyn should also know how to diagnose monkeypox.

Treatments

 

Vaccines

Although a vaccine is available, the monkeypox virus cannot be completely eradicated.

It is possible to use medicines to lessen the effects of the virus. Monkeypox is spread through close contact, but less than other viruses.

This article will discuss a few of these medicines and the ways in which they can be used to treat the disease. The CDC provides more information.

Your local health department can also help you with this information.

Although the virus is not typically found in North America or Europe, recent cases in the US have caused alarm among infectious disease specialists.

Monkeypox is closely related to smallpox, which was eradicated by vaccination in the 1980s.

Although the two viruses are similar, the current treatment of monkeypox isn’t entirely clear.

The goal is to minimize the spread of the disease and provide relief for patients.

There are currently no specific treatments for monkeypox virus infections, but doctors can prescribe antivirals to help manage the disease.

This antiviral medication is used to treat smallpox and can be effective against monkeypox.

Antivirals such as tecovirimat, which is derived from antibodies from people who received the smallpox vaccine, can be prescribed to those who are more vulnerable to the illness.

Prevention

 

Medicines

Although there is no current vaccine against the monkeypox virus, public awareness and education are important for prevention.

As the monkeypox virus is contagious, limiting contact with others and avoiding contact with monkeypox victims are the first steps to prevent the infection.

Vaccines are also available, but they are expensive, and the virus has a limited supply. It is important to receive the vaccine within four days after exposure to monkeypox.

The vaccine is effective for preventing monkeypox infection. Vaccination is recommended for people who have recently been exposed to the virus.

Vaccination is also recommended for people who have close contact with an infected person. People who have no known exposure to the monkeypox virus should also get the vaccine.

In areas where the number of cases is high, the vaccine can help slow the spread of monkeypox.

While most cases of the Monkeypox virus are acquired through contact with infected animals, it is possible to get infected through close contact with infected people.

The exact path of transmission is unclear, but some possibilities include direct contact with the infected person, contact with infected body fluids, or contaminated objects.

Symptoms of the disease are similar to those of smallpox, including fever, headache, and fatigue. People who contract the virus may also develop lymphadenopathy, a mass of lymph nodes around the neck.

Smallpox does not have lymphadenopathy, so prevention is crucial for avoiding the virus.

FAQs

Is my risk of becoming infected, developing serious symptoms or dying from monkeypox higher if I am living with HIV?

Answer

Anyone who has close contact with someone who has monkeypox is at risk of infection.

If untreated, HIV can weaken your immune system. There is some evidence that being immunocompromised may increase your risk of becoming infected if you are exposed, and of having serious illness or dying from monkeypox. However, more data is needed to understand this fully.

People with underlying immune deficiencies may be at risk of more serious illness from monkeypox. People living with HIV who know their status and have access to and properly use treatment can reach the point of viral suppression.

This means that their immune systems are less vulnerable to other infections than they would be without treatment.

Many people in the current outbreak have been HIV positive, but there have been few severe cases, likely because their HIV infection was well-controlled. Studies are underway to better understand these questions.

People with multiple sexual partners, including people who are living with HIV, are encouraged to take steps to reduce their risk of being exposed to monkeypox by avoiding close contact with anyone who has symptoms. Reducing the number of sexual partners may reduce your risk.

What are the risks of monkeypox during pregnancy?

Answer

More research is needed to better understand the risks of monkeypox during pregnancy, and how the virus can be passed to the fetus in the womb or to the newborn during or after birth or while breastfeeding. Available information suggests that contracting monkeypox during pregnancy can be dangerous for the fetus.

If you are pregnant, avoid close contact with anyone who has monkeypox. Anyone who has close contact with someone who is infectious can get monkeypox, regardless of who they are.

If you think you have been exposed to or are showing symptoms that could be monkeypox, contact your healthcare provider. They will help you get tested and access the care you need

Is there a risk of this becoming a larger outbreak?

Answer

Monkeypox is not as contagious as some other infections because it requires close contact with someone who has monkeypox (e.g., face-to-face, skin to skin, mouth-to-skin or mouth-to-mouth), with a contaminated environment or with an infected animal to spread.

We have a window of opportunity to control this outbreak by working closely with communities and groups at higher risk to stop transmission. It is essential for everyone to work together now to stop the spread by knowing their risk and taking action to lower it.

WHO is responding to this outbreak as a high priority to avoid further spread. Learning more about how the virus is spreading through this outbreak and protecting more people from becoming infected is a priority for WHO. Raising awareness about this new situation will help to stop further transmission.

How can I protect myself and others against monkeypox?

Answer

Reduce your risk of catching monkeypox by limiting close contact with people who have suspected or confirmed monkeypox, or with animals who could be infected.

Clean and disinfect environments that could have been contaminated with the virus from someone who is infectious regularly.

Keep yourself informed about monkeypox in your area and have open conversations with those you come into close contact (especially sexual contact) with about any symptoms you or they may have.

If you think you might have monkeypox, you can act to protect others by seeking medical advice and isolating from others until have been evaluated and tested.

If you have probable or confirmed monkeypox, you should isolate from others until all of your lesions have crusted over, the scabs have fallen off and a new layer of skin has formed underneath.

This will stop you from passing on the virus to others. Get advice from your health worker on whether you should isolate at home or in a health facility.

Until more is understood about transmission through sexual fluids, use condoms as a precaution whilst having sexual contact for 12 weeks after you have recovered.

Can people get seriously ill or die from monkeypox?

Answer

In most cases, the symptoms of monkeypox go away on their own within a few weeks. However, in some people, an infection can lead to medical complications and even death.

Newborn babies, children and people with underlying immune deficiencies may be at risk of more serious symptoms and death from monkeypox.

Complications from monkeypox include secondary skin infections, pneumonia, confusion, and eye problems. In the past, between 1% to 10% of people with monkeypox have died.

It is important to note that death rates in different settings may differ due to a number of factors, such as access to health care.

These figures may be an overestimate because surveillance for monkeypox has generally been limited in the past. In the newly affected countries where the current outbreak is taking place, there have been no deaths to date.

 Conclusion

 

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How to Maintain Healthy Eating Habits at Social Events

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Sister Regina Liu

How to Maintain Healthy Eating Habits at Social Events

Social events often pose a challenge to maintaining healthy eating habits. With an abundance of delicious yet unhealthy food options, it’s easy to stray from your nutritional goals.

However, by planning and making mindful choices, you can enjoy social gatherings without compromising your health. Here are some practical tips to help you maintain healthy eating habits at social events.

Plan Ahead

Eat Before You Go

Before attending a social event, eat a small, healthy meal. This can help curb your appetite and prevent overeating. Choose foods high in protein and fiber, such as a chicken salad or a bowl of oatmeal with fruits.

Research the Menu

If the event is at a restaurant or has a set menu, research the options beforehand. Look for healthy choices and decide what you will order in advance. This can help you avoid impulsive decisions when you’re hungry and tempted by less healthy options.

Make Smart Choices

Opt for Smaller Portions

It’s easy to overindulge at social events, especially when the food is served buffet-style. Opt for smaller portions to enjoy a variety of foods without overeating. Use a smaller plate if possible, and fill it with vegetables and lean proteins first.

Choose Healthy Alternatives

Look for healthier alternatives to traditional party foods. For example, choose grilled chicken over fried chicken, or a vegetable platter over chips and dip. If you’re hosting the event, consider providing healthy options for your guests.

Stay Hydrated

Drink Water

Staying hydrated is essential for maintaining healthy eating habits. Drink plenty of water throughout the event to help you feel full and avoid mistaking thirst for hunger. If you’re drinking alcohol, alternate with water to stay hydrated and reduce your alcohol intake.

Avoid Sugary Drinks

Sugary drinks, such as soda and fruit punch, can add a significant amount of empty calories to your diet. Opt for water, sparkling water, or unsweetened tea instead.

Be Mindful of Alcohol

Limit Your Intake

Alcohol can lower your inhibitions and lead to overeating. Limit your alcohol intake to avoid this. If you do choose to drink, opt for lower-calorie options such as a wine spritzer or a light beer.

Eat Before Drinking

Eating a healthy meal before drinking can help slow the absorption of alcohol and prevent you from getting too intoxicated, which can lead to poor food choices.

Practice Mindful Eating

Pay Attention to Your Hunger Cues

Listen to your body and eat when you’re hungry, not just because food is available. Take small bites, chew thoroughly, and savor the flavors. This can help you enjoy your food more and eat less.

Avoid Mindless Eating

Social events often involve a lot of mingling and distractions, which can lead to mindless eating. Be aware of what and how much you’re eating, and avoid standing near the food table to reduce temptation.

Bring Your Healthy Dish

Contribute a Healthy Option

If you’re attending a potluck or a family gathering, bring a healthy dish to share. This ensures that there will be at least one nutritious option available, and it can inspire others to make healthier choices as well.

Offer to Help with Meal Prep

If you’re close to the host, offer to help with meal preparation. This can give you some control over the menu and an opportunity to suggest or prepare healthier options.

Set Realistic Goals

Allow Yourself to Indulge in Moderation

It’s okay to indulge in your favorite treats occasionally. Allow yourself to enjoy small portions of your favorite foods without guilt. This can prevent feelings of deprivation and make it easier to stick to your healthy eating habits in the long run.

Focus on Socializing

Remember that social events are about spending time with friends and family. Focus on socializing and enjoying the company, rather than making food the main attraction.

Stay Active

Incorporate Physical Activity

If possible, incorporate physical activity into the event. This could be as simple as a walk after the meal or playing a game of catch. Physical activity can help offset some of the extra calories consumed and keep you energized.

Dance the Night Away

If there’s music and dancing, take advantage of it! Dancing is a fun way to burn calories and stay active while enjoying the event.

Maintain a Positive Mindset

Don’t Stress Over Perfection

It’s important to remember that one meal or one event won’t make or break your healthy eating habits. Don’t stress over perfection. Instead, focus on making the best choices you can and getting back on track with your regular eating habits after the event.

Celebrate Your Successes

Celebrate the small victories, such as choosing a healthy option or stopping when you’re full. Acknowledging your successes can boost your confidence and help you stay motivated.

that you can enjoy guilt-free.

Conclusion

Maintaining healthy eating habits at social events requires planning, mindful choices, and a focus on socializing rather than just food. By implementing these strategies, you can enjoy social gatherings without compromising your health. Remember, it’s all about balance and making the best choices for your well-being.

FAQs

1. How can I resist the temptation of unhealthy foods at social events?

To resist temptation, eat a healthy meal before attending the event, stay hydrated, and focus on socializing rather than food. Bringing your healthy dish can also help.

2. What are some healthy snack options to bring to a potluck?

Healthy snack options include vegetable platters with hummus, fruit salads, whole-grain crackers with cheese, and Greek yogurt with mixed berries.

3. How do I handle peer pressure to eat unhealthy foods?

Politely decline or take a small portion to satisfy your peers without compromising your dietary goals. You can also explain your commitment to healthy eating if comfortable.

4. Is it okay to indulge occasionally at social events?

Yes, occasional indulgence is fine. The key is moderation. Enjoy small portions of your favorite treats without overindulging.

5. What should I do if I overeat at a social event?

Don’t stress about it. Return to your healthy eating habits at your next meal and consider increasing your physical activity to balance out the extra calories.


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“NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause – What We Experience is Much More Severe”

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"NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause

“NHS Doctors Dismissed Our Symptoms as Menopause – What We Experience is Much More Severe”

In recent years, a growing number of individuals have faced challenges in receiving appropriate medical attention for their health conditions.

Many have reported that their symptoms, often dismissed as merely menopausal, are part of a broader and more serious health crisis.

This article delves into the experiences of those affected, exploring the ramifications of misdiagnosis and the urgent need for greater awareness and understanding within the healthcare system.

Understanding the Symptoms

Individuals experiencing symptoms often associated with menopause, such as hot flashes, mood swings, and fatigue, may be facing more complex health issues.

These symptoms can stem from various underlying conditions, which may require different treatment approaches. Misidentification of these symptoms can lead to inadequate care and a worsening of the individual’s health.

The Impact of Misdiagnosis

Misdiagnosis can have serious consequences. When healthcare professionals dismiss legitimate concerns, patients may feel invalidated and lose trust in the healthcare system.

This can result in delays in receiving necessary treatments, worsening symptoms, and deteriorating mental health.

Case Studies: Real Voices, Real Experiences

  1. Sarah’s Story Sarah, a 45-year-old woman, began experiencing severe fatigue and joint pain. Initially brushed off as menopausal symptoms, she later discovered she had an autoimmune disorder that required immediate treatment. Sarah’s experience highlights the importance of comprehensive examinations and not hastily attributing symptoms to menopause.
  2. Tom’s Journey Tom, a 50-year-old man, experienced mood swings and significant weight changes. His doctor attributed these changes to mid-life hormonal shifts. After seeking a second opinion, Tom was diagnosed with thyroid dysfunction, a condition that was treatable but had been overlooked.

The Need for Awareness and Education

Increasing awareness among both patients and healthcare providers about the potential seriousness of overlooked symptoms is crucial. Educational initiatives and training for healthcare professionals can lead to better diagnostic practices and improved patient outcomes.

Symptoms That Should Not Be Ignored

Certain symptoms should prompt further investigation rather than immediate dismissal. These include:

  • Severe fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain
  • Persistent joint or muscle pain
  • Significant mood changes
  • Memory loss or cognitive difficulties

Recognizing these symptoms can lead to earlier diagnoses and interventions, potentially preventing further health complications.

Advocating for Change in the Healthcare System

Advocacy is key in addressing the challenges faced by those experiencing misdiagnosed health conditions. Patient advocacy groups play an essential role in raising awareness, providing resources, and pushing for changes within healthcare systems.

Empowering Patients

Empowering patients to take charge of their health can foster better communication with healthcare providers.

Here are some tips for individuals navigating their health concerns:

  • Educate Yourself: Understand your symptoms and research potential conditions that could be affecting you.
  • Seek Second Opinions: Don’t hesitate to consult another doctor if you feel your concerns aren’t being taken seriously.
  • Document Your Symptoms: Keeping a journal of your symptoms can provide valuable information to your healthcare provider.

Conclusion

The issue of misdiagnosis related to menopause and other serious health conditions is critical and demands immediate attention.

By fostering greater awareness and encouraging open dialogue between patients and healthcare providers, we can work towards a healthcare system that better serves everyone.

Understanding that symptoms may signify more severe health issues is the first step toward effective treatment and improved quality of life.

FAQs

1. What should I do if my symptoms are dismissed by my doctor?

If your symptoms are not being taken seriously, consider seeking a second opinion and documenting your symptoms to present a comprehensive case.

2. How can I educate myself about potential health issues?

Research reputable medical sources, talk to healthcare professionals, and consider joining support groups for shared experiences and knowledge.

3. Are there specific tests that can help diagnose underlying conditions?

Yes, depending on your symptoms, doctors may recommend blood tests, imaging studies, or referrals to specialists.

4. What resources are available for patient advocacy?

Many organizations focus on patient advocacy; researching local and national groups can provide valuable support and resources.

5. How can I improve communication with my healthcare provider?

Prepare for appointments by noting your symptoms, asking clear questions, and expressing your concerns confidently.


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Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter Highlights Public Health Concerns Amid Border Crisis

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Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter

Measles Outbreak at NYC Migrant Shelter Highlights Public Health Concerns Amid Border Crisis

The recent detection of measles at a migrant shelter in New York City has intensified the debate surrounding the ongoing border crisis and its public health implications. This development has raised alarms among health officials and the public, highlighting the need for comprehensive strategies to manage the influx of migrants while safeguarding public health.

Understanding the Measles Outbreak

Measles, a highly contagious viral disease, poses a significant health risk, especially in densely populated areas. The outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter has put a spotlight on the challenges faced by public health officials in managing and containing such diseases within vulnerable populations.

The Impact of Measles

  • Highly Contagious: Measles spreads through respiratory droplets, making it easy to transmit in crowded conditions.
  • Severe Complications: The disease can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death, particularly in children and immunocompromised individuals.
  • Vaccination: Despite the availability of an effective vaccine, measles outbreaks still occur, often linked to unvaccinated populations.

The Border Crisis and Public Health

The ongoing border crisis has resulted in an unprecedented number of migrants entering the United States. Many of these individuals come from regions with lower vaccination rates and inadequate healthcare infrastructure, increasing the risk of disease outbreaks.

Challenges in Migrant Shelters

  • Overcrowding: Migrant shelters often operate at or beyond capacity, creating conditions conducive to the rapid spread of infectious diseases.
  • Limited Resources: Shelters frequently struggle with limited resources, including medical supplies and personnel, which hampers effective disease management and prevention.
  • Healthcare Access: Migrants may have limited access to healthcare services, including vaccinations, both in their home countries and upon arrival in the U.S.

Federal Response and Policy Implications

The Biden administration has faced criticism over its handling of the border crisis and its impact on public health. Critics argue that the administration’s policies have contributed to the current situation, while supporters contend that the challenges are multifaceted and require a comprehensive approach.

Policy Measures

  • Enhanced Screening: Implementing robust health screening protocols for migrants upon entry to identify and manage infectious diseases early.
  • Vaccination Programs: Expanding vaccination programs within migrant shelters to prevent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases.
  • Resource Allocation: Ensuring adequate resources, including medical staff and supplies, are available at migrant shelters to address health concerns promptly.

Public Health Strategies

Addressing the public health challenges posed by the border crisis requires coordinated efforts from federal, state, and local agencies, as well as collaboration with non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Preventive Measures

  • Vaccination Campaigns: Launching targeted vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas and among migrant populations to reduce the risk of outbreaks.
  • Public Awareness: Increasing public awareness about the importance of vaccination and the risks associated with measles and other infectious diseases.
  • Community Health Programs: Developing community health programs that provide education, resources, and support to both migrants and local communities.

Conclusion

The measles outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter underscores the complex interplay between public health and immigration policy.

As the border crisis continues to evolve, it is crucial to adopt comprehensive strategies that address both the immediate health needs of migrants and the broader public health concerns.

Enhanced screening, vaccination programs, and resource allocation are essential components of a robust public health response. By prioritizing these measures, we can mitigate the risks posed by infectious diseases and protect the health and well-being of all individuals.

FAQs

1. What caused the measles outbreak at the NYC migrant shelter?

The outbreak is likely due to the combination of overcrowded conditions, limited healthcare access, and the presence of unvaccinated individuals within the shelter.

2. How can measles be prevented in migrant shelters?

Prevention can be achieved through robust vaccination programs, enhanced health screenings, and improving living conditions to reduce overcrowding.

3. What are the complications of measles?

Measles can lead to severe complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death, particularly in children and immunocompromised individuals.

4. How is the Biden administration addressing the public health concerns related to the border crisis?

The administration is implementing enhanced screening protocols, expanding vaccination programs, and allocating resources to address health concerns in migrant shelters.

5. Why is vaccination important in preventing measles outbreaks?

Vaccination is crucial because it provides immunity against measles, reducing the risk of outbreaks and protecting vulnerable populations from severe complications.


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