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What Causes Diabetic Vitreous Hemorrhage? The Facts You Need To Know

Last Updated on October 16, 2023 by Nurse Vicky

What Causes Diabetic Vitreous Haemorrhage? The Facts You Need To Know

If you or a loved one are living with diabetes, you’ve likely heard about the potential complications that can arise. One such complication is diabetic vitreous haemorrhage, a condition that affects the eyes and can be a cause for concern.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the facts you need to know about what causes diabetic vitreous haemorrhage and how to manage it.

Understanding Diabetic Vitreous Haemorrhage

Diabetic vitreous haemorrhage is a condition that occurs when tiny blood vessels in the eye, specifically in the vitreous humour (the gel-like substance that fills the eye), leak blood. This can cause blurred vision, floaters, and in severe cases, vision loss.

Key Factors Leading to Diabetic Vitreous Haemorrhage

  1. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: The primary factor contributing to this condition is uncontrolled blood sugar levels. High blood sugar damages the delicate blood vessels in the eyes.
  2. Long-Term Diabetes: The longer you’ve had diabetes, the higher the risk. Managing your diabetes from the outset is crucial.
  3. Hypertension: High blood pressure can worsen the condition and increase the likelihood of haemorrhages.
  4. Retinal Abnormalities: Diabetic retinopathy, a common complication of diabetes, can increase the chances of vitreous haemorrhage.
  5. Physical Trauma: Injury to the eye can also trigger this condition in individuals with diabetes.

Managing Diabetic Vitreous Haemorrhage

Medical Treatments

  • Vitrectomy: A surgical procedure to remove blood from the vitreous humour.
  • Intravitreal Injections: Medications injected into the eye to control inflammation and bleeding.
  • Laser Therapy: Used to seal leaking blood vessels.

Lifestyle and Prevention

  • Blood Sugar Control: Keeping blood sugar levels within the target range is crucial for preventing haemorrhages.
  • Regular Eye Exams: Annual eye check-ups are essential for early detection and treatment.


1: Is diabetic vitreous haemorrhage reversible?

In many cases, with prompt medical intervention, the condition is manageable, and vision can be preserved.

2: Can lifestyle changes help prevent vitreous haemorrhage?

Yes, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including managing blood sugar and blood pressure, can reduce the risk.

3: Are there any warning signs of diabetic vitreous haemorrhage?

Symptoms may include sudden vision loss, floaters, or blurred vision, and these should prompt immediate medical attention.

4: Can this condition affect both type 1 and type 2 diabetics?

Yes, it can affect individuals with both types of diabetes.

5: How can I find a specialist to treat diabetic vitreous haemorrhage?

Consult with your primary care physician or endocrinologist for a referral to an ophthalmologist with expertise in diabetic eye care.

6: Are there any alternative treatments for this condition?

Conventional medical treatments are the primary approach, but discuss your options with your healthcare provider.

7: What’s the long-term outlook for someone with diabetic vitreous haemorrhage?

With effective management and lifestyle changes, many individuals can maintain good vision and lead a healthy life.


Diabetic vitreous haemorrhage is a serious complication of diabetes, but with proper management and care, its impact can be minimized. By understanding the causes and taking proactive steps to control blood sugar and monitor your eye health, you can protect your vision.


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