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How Do Health Insurance Companies Make Their Money?



health insurance companies

Last Updated on November 13, 2022 by Nurse Vicky

How Do Health Insurance Companies Make Their Money?


Many people are not fully aware of how health insurance companies make their money. In fact, some people think that health insurance companies simply exist to reimburse medical expenses for their customers.

But this is not strictly true. Health insurance companies make their money in a variety of ways, and one of the most common ways is by charging premiums to their customers.

Premiums help to cover the costs of health care benefits for the members of the health insurance company, and they also generate income for the health insurance company itself.

So if you’re considering getting health insurance, understand how health insurance companies make their money!


How health insurance companies make money from premiums

how health insurance companies make money from premiums

Health insurance companies make money by charging premiums and collecting payments from customers in the form of claims and fees.

These charges can include administrative costs, marketing expenses, and profits made on the investment. Customers with high-risk health conditions are typically charged higher rates than those with lower-risk conditions.

There is a risk that an increase in healthcare costs could have a negative effect on company profits in the future. However, companies are investing in new technologies and strategies to mitigate this risk.

How health insurance companies make money from premiums


how health insurance companies make money from premiums

Health insurance companies make their money by charging premiums to their customers. This is done through the use of claims processes and selling products and services to customers.

The more people that are insured, the greater the profits for health insurance companies. Premiums continue to increase as we get closer to reaching a point where everyone will be covered by health care reform legislation in America.

This way, health insurance companies can continue to thrive in a changing healthcare landscape.

How much money do health insurance companies make from premiums?

how health insurance companies make money from premiums

Health insurance companies make a lot of money from their policies and services. In fact, they typically make two types of money from premiums:

profit and administrative costs. For example, profit is earned on the premiums that are paid by customers. This is because health insurance companies invest the money raised from premiums into their company’s operations (like purchasing new medical equipment or paying for research and development).

Meanwhile, administrative costs cover the costs associated with running the company. These costs may include salaries for employee health insurance coverage, marketing expenses, and other administrative costs.

Overall, health insurance companies make a lot of money from their policies and services. For example, one study found that in 2013, the healthcare industry made a total of $2 trillion in profits globally!

How can I get a better deal on my health insurance?


better deal on my health insurance

When looking for health insurance, it’s important to do your research first. In addition to that, make sure that you choose an insurer that is best suited to your needs and budget.

Health insurance companies make their money by charging premiums and taking a commission on the policies sold.

For example, a health insurance company may charge a premium of $200 per month and take a 5 percent commission on the total premium.

This means that they earn $20 per month from the policy sale. Keep in mind that if you have pre-existing conditions or are under age 26, you may not be able to get coverage through an individual plan.

In this case, you may need to search for a health insurance plan that offers group health insurance or Medicare plans.

What are the different types of health insurance coverage that are available to me?


screenshot 2022 10 21 at 09.18.53 e1666340451113

When it comes to health insurance, there are many types of coverage that are currently available. These can range from hospitalization to prescription drugs, doctor visits, and more.

Health insurance companies make their money by charging premiums based on your age, location, and other factors. You can shop around for the best deal online or in person to find the coverage that you need.

Do I need accident and sickness coverage when I’m buying health insurance?

accident and sickness coverage when i'm buying health insurance?

Probably not. Most health insurance companies make their money by charging customers a premium, which depends on factors like your age, location, and health history.

If you’re covered under your employer’s health insurance plan, then you may not need to buy separate accident and sickness insurance.

In fact, some health insurance companies may even provide you with coverage as part of your policy. So make sure to read the policy thoroughly before signing up to ensure that you’re fully covered.

Is it worth investing in long-term medical protection through an employer or Individual Health Insurance Plan (IHP)?


employer or individual health insurance plan (ihp)?

Typically, health insurance companies make their money through two main sources: premiums paid by policyholders and deductibles paid by the insured.

Premiums are used to cover expenses like the costs of claims filed and marketing campaigns. Deductibles help in reducing the amount of financial burden that a policyholder has to bear in case of an expensive medical claim.

So, while it is up to you whether you want to invest in long-term medical protection (through an employer or individual health insurance plan), doing so can potentially save you money in the long run.

Remember, health insurance companies typically rely on premiums and deductible payments from policyholders to fund their operations.

So, by investing in medical protection, you may be able to lessen your monthly premium payments as well as reduce your deductible bill.

To meet the needs of various societal groups, health insurance providers have introduced a variety of health insurance policies.

employer or Individual Health Insurance Plan


screenshot 2022 10 21 at 09.03.16

The majority of health insurance policies include standard components including hospital bills, ambulance fees, prescription costs, checkups, hotel rentals, and much more.

However, other types of health insurance, such as group health insurance, maternity benefit coverage, critical illness plans, senior citizen plans, etc., have particular features that are only available to those clients.

The cost of health insurance varies from insurer to insurer and is based on the type of plan selected, the amount of coverage, the number of members,  Individual health insurance plans are designed to provide inexpensive coverage for a single person.

whereas group health insurance plans, also known as employer health insurance plans, provide coverage for a number of people employed by the same business, organization, or employer.

Both kinds of health insurance have the same basic objective—to pay policyholders’ medical expenses in an emergency—but they have a few minor differences.


Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of health insurance policies that companies offer?


There are three types of health insurance policies that companies offer: PPOs, HMOs, and POS plans. PPOs are the most common type of health insurance and are similar to traditional indemnity policies in that they reimburse patients for the care they receive from a network of providers.

PPO policies usually have lower premiums and require members to use a limited number of designated hospitals and doctors.

HMOs are a type of health insurance that provide members with a set list of doctors and hospitals that they are required to use.

HMOs are often cheaper than traditional indemnity policies and usually have more affordable premiums. POS plans allow you to choose your own doctor or hospital without any prerequisites.

This type of policy is more expensive but also more flexible.

What are some common exclusions and benefits that health insurance policies have?


Health insurance policies typically exclude coverage for pre-existing conditions. This means that until you have had a health issue and it is diagnosed, you are not eligible for coverage or payment.

Most health insurance policies also have benefits like maternity care, prescription drugs, and surgical procedures.

How much does a health insurance policy cost?


When you’re shopping for health insurance, you’ll likely be faced with a number of different rates and packages.

In order to make sure that you’re getting the best deal, it’s important to understand how health insurance companies make money.

Health insurance companies make money by charging different rates for different packages and benefits. For example, they may charge a higher premium for plans with more coverage or benefits.

When you buy a health insurance plan, you’re basically paying an annual premium that will give the company a monthly income.

Additionally, you may be required to pay other fees like co-payments, deductibles, and coinsurance when using medical services or medications.



Health insurance companies make their money in a variety of ways, but the two most common are from premium income and from claims paid.

Premium income is generated when individuals buy health insurance policies, and claims paid are when medical expenses are paid by the health insurance company.

In order to make money, health insurance companies need to ensure that both these areas stay healthy.

To do this, they must continue to develop new products and services that appeal to customers and manage costs prudently.

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I Regret My Laser Eye Surgery for My Wedding—Here’s What I Wish I Knew



regret my laser eye surgery for my wedding

I Regret My Laser Eye Surgery for My Wedding—Here’s What I Wish I Knew

Laser eye surgery is often touted as a miracle solution for those tired of glasses and contact lenses. But what happens when this seemingly perfect procedure goes wrong? This is the story of Erin Orchard, who underwent laser eye surgery to make her wedding day perfect, only to face unexpected and prolonged consequences. Her journey underscores the importance of informed consent and thorough communication in healthcare.

Deciding on Laser Eye Surgery

In 2019, at the age of 31, Erin Orchard decided to undergo eye surgery. The reasoning behind this decision was deeply personal. She was engaged and struggling with contact lenses for her upcoming wedding, just a few months away. While it may seem like a minor inconvenience, it was significant to her at the time.

Recommendations and Evaluation

Erin’s mother and several friends had undergone laser eye surgery and recommended it. The allure of being free from glasses or contacts on her wedding day, especially given her active lifestyle and frequent gym visits, was compelling.

She made an appointment to see if she was a candidate for the surgery. After a thorough evaluation, she was confirmed as a perfect candidate. Erin spent roughly a month weighing the pros and cons before deciding to proceed.

The Assurance of Safety

The surgeon assured Erin that the procedure was extremely safe, calling it one of the safest surgeries in the world. He spent considerable time convincing her of its safety, which was crucial as she was quite anxious.

Potential Risks Mentioned

The surgeon highlighted that he had treated professional athletes who quickly returned to their sports after surgery. He mentioned potential downsides, like mild dry eye and the possibility of needing glasses again in the future. However, the risk of corneal neuralgia was not discussed, nor was it included on the consent form.

The Day of the Surgery

On the day of the surgery, Erin was very anxious. The thought of something going inside her eye was daunting. Her incredibly supportive partner accompanied her.

Change of Procedure

Before the surgery, the medical team gave her Valium to help calm her nerves. Initially, Erin was scheduled for LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis), but due to her anxiety, they switched to PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy) because she couldn’t keep the suction cup for LASIK steady.

Post-Surgery Challenges

Reflecting on that day, Erin wishes the medical team had recognized her anxiety and allowed her more time to reconsider. If they had, she might have opted out of the surgery. Informed consent is something she now strongly advocates for, especially after her experience.

Immediate Pain and Discomfort

After the surgery, which lasted about 15 minutes, Erin went home to rest. The next day, she began feeling significant pain and discomfort. At a follow-up appointment, she was told that the pain was normal and part of the immediate recovery phase. They assured her she would be fine to return to work by Monday. However, the pain worsened over the week and lasted for months.

Long-Term Consequences

Erin developed extreme light sensitivity, making it difficult to go outside or look at screens. This condition persisted for several months. She was constantly in pain. During this time, she and her partner had to block out light from their home, and Erin wore dark sunglasses even indoors.

Struggles with Light Sensitivity

The light sensitivity eventually improved, but the pain did not. Erin took a month off work as she struggled to function normally. She reached out to the clinic multiple times, but their responses did little to alleviate her distress.

Chronic Pain Management

Erin was prescribed a lot of pain medication, and her GP and other specialists worked hard to help her manage the pain. Despite their efforts, she still experiences pain daily, even five years later. Some days are more manageable than others, but the unpredictability of the pain can make life challenging.

Considering Legal Action

Erin considered legal action but decided against it due to the potential costs. Her interactions with the surgeon’s team were uncomfortable, and she eventually cut off contact, requesting that any necessary information be communicated through her GP.

Filing a Formal Complaint

She filed a formal complaint with the health department, which was still being investigated when the surgeon unfortunately passed away from COVID-19. This added a twist to her story, but the investigation led to changes in the clinic’s policies regarding patient information on the risks of corneal neuralgia.

Reflections and Advocacy

Overall, Erin’s journey has been a roller coaster. She no longer shares this story often, partly because of the surgeon’s passing. However, she feels it’s important for others to be fully informed before undergoing such procedures. Her experience highlights the need for thorough communication and informed consent in healthcare.

Erin’s Current Life

Erin Orchard is a 36-year-old student from Sydney, Australia, currently studying for her Master of Occupational Therapy. Alongside her studies, she is deeply involved in animal welfare as the Cat Coordinator at Maggie’s Rescue. She also provides pet-sitting services for dogs and cats in her local area.


Erin’s experience serves as a cautionary tale for anyone considering laser eye surgery. While the promise of perfect vision without glasses or contacts is tempting, it’s crucial to understand all potential risks and to advocate for thorough informed consent. Her story reminds us of the importance of being fully aware of the possible consequences before making significant medical decisions.


1. What are the common risks of laser eye surgery?

Laser eye surgery can have several risks, including dry eyes, glare, halos, under-corrections, over-corrections, and in rare cases, more severe complications like corneal neuralgia.

2. What is corneal neuralgia?

Corneal neuralgia is a condition where the nerves in the cornea are damaged, causing chronic pain. This risk was not discussed with Erin before her surgery.

3. What is the difference between LASIK and PRK?

LASIK involves creating a flap in the cornea, while PRK removes the outer layer of the cornea entirely. PRK has a longer recovery time but is often recommended for patients with thinner corneas.

4. How long does recovery from laser eye surgery typically take?

Recovery time can vary, but most people return to normal activities within a few days to a week. However, full visual stabilization can take several months.

5. What should patients ask their surgeons before laser eye surgery?

Patients should ask about all potential risks, the surgeon’s experience, alternative treatments, and the detailed recovery process. It’s essential to ensure all concerns are addressed before proceeding.


Source Article

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Study Shows Teenagers Can Pass Mental Health Disorders to Each Other



mental disorders spread between teenagers

Study Shows Teenagers Can Pass Mental Health Disorders to Each Other

A groundbreaking study published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry reveals that mental disorders can spread among teenagers through their social networks. The research, conducted by a team from the University of Helsinki, highlights a significant association between having friends with mental disorders and the likelihood of developing similar conditions.

The Study and Its Findings

Research Background

The study analyzed data from over 710,000 Finnish students across 860 high schools. The primary objective was to determine if there was a correlation between having friends diagnosed with mental disorders and the risk of developing such disorders.

Key Findings

  • Initial Diagnosis and Follow-Up: By the ninth grade, about 47,000 students had been diagnosed with some form of mental disorder. During a follow-up period, an additional 167,000 students (25% of the total) received a diagnosis.
  • Risk Factors: The presence of more than one diagnosed classmate increased the overall risk of developing a mental disorder by 5%. Notably, the risk surged to 9% with one diagnosed classmate and 18% with multiple diagnosed classmates during the first year of follow-up.
  • Disorder Types: The most significant risks were associated with mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders.

Implications of the Findings

The researchers concluded that mental disorders might be transmitted within adolescent peer networks. This discovery underscores the importance of considering peer influences in mental health interventions.

Mechanisms of Transmission

Normalization of Mental Disorders

One proposed mechanism is the normalization of mental health issues within peer groups. Increased awareness and acceptance of mental health diagnoses can lead to a higher likelihood of seeking help and receiving a diagnosis.

Interpersonal Contagion

For certain disorders, such as depression, the study suggests the possibility of direct interpersonal contagion. Peer influence is particularly significant among teenagers, making them vulnerable to conditions like eating disorders through social interactions.

Societal and Cultural Influences

Michaela James, a mental health researcher at Swansea University, emphasizes that the rise in mental health diagnoses is not solely due to peer influence. She points to broader societal and cultural issues, such as declining physical health, unhealthy eating habits, and increased emotional and behavioral difficulties among young people.

Broader Context and Future Directions

The Role of the Pandemic

James highlights that the COVID-19 pandemic and its restrictions may have exacerbated mental health issues. The study’s findings suggest that pre-existing, undiagnosed disorders might become more apparent in social networks, rather than mental health issues spreading like a contagion.

Need for Comprehensive Interventions

The researchers advocate for prevention and intervention measures that consider peer influences on mental health. They stress the importance of addressing physical skills, promoting confidence and autonomy in physical activities, and enhancing overall well-being and socialization.

Further Research

While the study establishes a clear association, the exact mechanisms driving this phenomenon remain unclear. Further research is needed to explore how and why mental disorders spread within social networks and to develop effective interventions.


The study from the University of Helsinki provides crucial insights into the spread of mental disorders among teenagers. Understanding the role of peer networks in mental health can inform more effective prevention and intervention strategies, ultimately reducing the burden of mental disorders in society.


1. How do mental disorders spread among teenagers?

Mental disorders can spread through social networks among teenagers. This may occur through normalization of mental health issues, direct interpersonal contagion, or broader societal and cultural influences.

2. What types of mental disorders are most likely to spread among teens?

The study found that mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and eating disorders were most likely to spread among teens through their social networks.

3. What role does the COVID-19 pandemic play in the spread of mental disorders among teenagers?

The pandemic and its accompanying restrictions may have exacerbated mental health issues among teenagers, making pre-existing, undiagnosed disorders more apparent within social networks.

4. What can be done to prevent the spread of mental disorders among teenagers?

Effective prevention and intervention measures should consider peer influences on mental health. Promoting physical activities, confidence, autonomy, and overall well-being are crucial.

5. What further research is needed to understand the spread of mental disorders among teenagers?

Further research is required to clarify the mechanisms that explain the association between peer networks and mental health disorders and to develop targeted interventions.


  • University of Helsinki Study on Mental Disorders and Peer Influence
  • Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) Psychiatry
  • Michaela James’ comments on mental health trends
  • Newsweek article on the impact of societal changes on mental health

News Source: Newsweek Article on Mental Disorders in Teenagers

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How Often Do I Need to Get the Yellow Fever Vaccine?



need to get the yellow fever vaccine

How Often Do I Need to Get the Yellow Fever Vaccine?

Yellow fever is a serious viral infection spread by mosquitoes in tropical and subtropical regions. If you’re planning to travel to areas where yellow fever is prevalent, it’s crucial to understand the vaccination requirements and schedules.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore how often you need to get the yellow fever vaccine, what the vaccine entails, and other essential information to keep you safe and informed.

Understanding Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is caused by a virus transmitted by the Aedes and Haemagogus species of mosquitoes. Symptoms can range from mild fever and headache to severe liver disease with bleeding and jaundice. The yellow fever vaccine is highly effective in preventing this disease.

What Is the Yellow Fever Vaccine?

The yellow fever vaccine is a live-attenuated vaccine, which means it contains a weakened form of the virus that stimulates the immune system to build protection without causing the disease.

Why Is the Vaccine Important?

The yellow fever vaccine is essential for preventing infection in areas where the virus is endemic. Many countries require proof of vaccination for travelers arriving from regions with yellow fever.

Vaccination Schedule

Initial Dose

The initial dose of the yellow fever vaccine is typically given at least 10 days before travel to an endemic area. This single dose provides lifelong protection for most individuals.

Booster Dose

Historically, a booster dose was recommended every 10 years for those at continued risk. However, recent studies have shown that a single dose of the vaccine provides lifelong immunity for most people.

Exceptions Requiring Boosters

  • Children vaccinated before age 2: They may need a booster dose if they continue to live or travel to endemic areas.
  • Pregnant women: Vaccination during pregnancy is generally avoided unless the risk of yellow fever is high. In such cases, the woman might need a booster dose later.
  • Individuals with weakened immune systems: Those with conditions that suppress the immune system might require additional doses.

Who Should Get Vaccinated?

Travelers to Endemic Areas

Anyone traveling to or living in areas where yellow fever is endemic should receive the vaccine.

Lab Workers

Individuals who work with the yellow fever virus in laboratories should be vaccinated.


  • Infants under 9 months: Not routinely recommended due to the risk of serious adverse reactions.
  • People with severe egg allergies: The vaccine is cultured in eggs and may cause reactions.
  • Individuals with weakened immune systems: This includes those undergoing chemotherapy or with conditions like HIV.

Side Effects and Safety

Common Side Effects

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Soreness at the injection site

Rare but Serious Side Effects

  • Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis)
  • Neurological conditions like encephalitis
  • Organ system failure (yellow fever vaccine-associated viscerotropic disease)

Proof of Vaccination

International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP)

This is an official document that proves you have been vaccinated against yellow fever. It’s required for entry into some countries and should be carried with you when traveling.

Vaccination Documentation

Ensure your vaccination records are up to date and include the date of vaccination and the administering healthcare provider’s information.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How Long Before Travel Should I Get Vaccinated?

You should get vaccinated at least 10 days before your trip. This allows enough time for the vaccine to provide protection.

2. Is One Dose Enough for Life?

For most people, a single dose provides lifelong immunity. However, certain individuals may require booster doses.

3. Can I Get the Vaccine If I Am Pregnant?

Pregnant women should avoid the vaccine unless the risk of yellow fever is high. Consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

4. What Should I Do If I Lose My Vaccination Certificate?

If you lose your ICVP, contact the healthcare provider or clinic where you received the vaccine for a replacement.

5. Are There Any Travel Restrictions Related to Yellow Fever?

Yes, many countries require proof of vaccination for travelers coming from areas with yellow fever. Check the specific requirements of your destination.

6. What If I Have a Severe Allergy to Eggs?

If you have a severe egg allergy, you should not receive the yellow fever vaccine. Consult with your healthcare provider for alternative options.

7. Can Children Receive the Yellow Fever Vaccine?

Children aged 9 months and older can receive the vaccine. Those under 9 months should not be vaccinated unless they are traveling to high-risk areas.

8. Can I Get Yellow Fever from the Vaccine?

No, the vaccine contains a live-attenuated virus that is not capable of causing the disease in healthy individuals.

9. What Should I Do If I Experience Side Effects?

If you experience mild side effects, such as fever or soreness, they should resolve on their own. For severe reactions, seek medical attention immediately.

10. Are There Alternative Vaccines Available?

Currently, there is no alternative to the yellow fever vaccine. Preventative measures include avoiding mosquito bites through the use of repellents and protective clothing.

11. How Does Yellow Fever Compare to Other Mosquito-Borne Diseases?

Yellow fever is more severe than diseases like dengue or Zika, with higher fatality rates and the potential for serious complications.

12. Can I Travel Without the Vaccine?

Traveling without the vaccine to endemic areas is not recommended and may be restricted by certain countries. Always check the vaccination requirements for your destination.

13. Is the Vaccine Covered by Insurance?

Many insurance plans cover the cost of the yellow fever vaccine. Check with your provider for details.

14. Can I Receive Other Vaccines at the Same Time?

Yes, the yellow fever vaccine can be administered simultaneously with other vaccines, but always consult with your healthcare provider for the best schedule.


Getting vaccinated against yellow fever is a crucial step in protecting yourself from a potentially deadly disease, especially if you are traveling to areas where the virus is endemic. While a single dose of the vaccine provides lifelong protection for most people, certain individuals may need booster doses under specific circumstances.

Always consult with your healthcare provider to ensure you are up to date with your vaccinations and understand the requirements for your travel destinations.

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