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How Monkey Pox Is Diagnosed: Tests and Procedures

Last Updated on April 24, 2023 by Nurse Vicky

How Monkey Pox Is Diagnosed: Tests and Procedures

Monkeypox is a rare viral disease that is similar to human smallpox, but less severe. The disease is caused by the monkeypox virus, which is found in Central and West African countries.

Monkeypox can be transmitted to humans through contact with infected animals, such as monkeys and rodents, or through contact with the body fluids of infected humans.

In this article, we will discuss the tests and procedures used to diagnose monkeypox.


Symptoms of Monkeypox

Monkeypox symptoms can take anywhere from 5 to 21 days to appear after infection. The initial symptoms are similar to those of flu, including fever, headache, muscle aches, and backache. Other symptoms that may appear include:

  • Rash, which often begins on the face and then spreads to the rest of the body
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea and vomiting

Physical Examination: If you suspect you have monkeypox, you should see a doctor immediately. The doctor will perform a physical examination to check for symptoms such as rash, swollen lymph nodes, and fever. They will also take a medical history, including information about recent travel and exposure to animals.

Laboratory Tests: Laboratory tests are used to confirm the diagnosis of monkeypox.


The following tests are commonly used:


  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Test: This test is used to detect the monkeypox virus in a sample of blood, pus, or other bodily fluids.
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) Test: This test detects the presence of monkeypox antibodies in the blood.
  • Viral Culture: This test involves growing the monkeypox virus in a laboratory from a sample of infected tissue or fluid.
  • Electron Microscopy: This test uses a microscope to look for the monkeypox virus in a sample of infected tissue or fluid.
  • Differential Diagnosis: Monkeypox can be easily confused with other diseases that have similar symptoms, such as chickenpox, measles, and smallpox. To rule out these diseases, doctors may perform additional tests, including a skin biopsy, chest x-ray, and blood tests.

Treatment for Monkeypox: There is no specific treatment for Monkeypox. Treatment is focused on relieving symptoms and preventing complications.

If diagnosed early, the antiviral drug, cidofovir, may be used to treat monkeypox. Additionally, infected individuals should be isolated to prevent the spread of the disease. Prevention of Monkeypox Prevention is key to avoiding monkeypox.

The following measures can help prevent infection:

  • Avoid contact with animals that may carry the virus, such as monkeys, rodents, and squirrels.
  • Wear protective clothing, such as gloves and masks, when handling animals or their body fluids.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Get vaccinated against smallpox, as the vaccine may provide some protection against monkeypox.



How is monkeypox spread?


Monkeypox is spread through contact with infected animals or humans.

 What are the symptoms of monkeypox?


The symptoms of monkeypox include fever, headache, muscle aches, rash, swollen lymph nodes, chills, fatigue, sore throat, cough, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting.

 How is monkeypox diagnosed?


Monkeypox is diagnosed through laboratory tests, including the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

Can monkeypox be treated?


There is no specific treatment for monkeypox, but symptoms can be managed with medications such as antihistamines and pain relievers.

 How can monkeypox be prevented?


Monkeypox can be prevented by avoiding contact with infected animals and their body fluids, washing hands frequently, wearing protective clothing when handling animals, and getting vaccinated against smallpox.

Is monkeypox contagious?


Yes, monkeypox is contagious and can be spread through contact with infected animals or humans.


monkeypox is a rare viral disease that can have serious consequences if left untreated. Early diagnosis is key to preventing the spread of the disease and managing symptoms. If you suspect you have monkeypox, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Preventive measures such as avoiding contact with infected animals, washing hands frequently, and getting vaccinated can help reduce the risk of infection. By following these guidelines, you can protect yourself and others from this potentially deadly disease.

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