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What Are the Causes of Colon Cancer?

What Are the Causes of Colon Cancer?

 

Colon cancer can occur in many ways and is common among older people, smokers, and people with a family history.

Symptoms may include abdominal pain, blood in the stool, weight loss, and diarrhea.

When colon cancer is suspected, a physician will perform a colonoscopy to check for cancer.

Symptoms of colon cancer

 

symptoms of colon cancer

Although colon cancer is an extremely serious disease, it can be successfully treated if detected early.

Unfortunately, it is not always easy to detect the disease’s early symptoms, which are often a mystery to most people.

In many cases, the first sign of colon cancer will be a change in bowel habits. While these changes may be temporary, they are nevertheless indicative of colon cancer and should not be ignored.

A person suffering from these symptoms should consult a physician to find out the cause of their symptoms.

Typically, colon cancer develops as a result of the development of polyps. Regular screening will help identify whether polyps are present and prevent them from turning into cancer.

People who experience frequent blood in the stool may also be suffering from anemia, which is a lack of red blood cells in the blood.

This condition can make a person feel weak, pale, or tired all the time. Some people may also experience constipation and abdominal discomfort.

If a patient has these symptoms for more than a week, he or she should consult a physician.

Symptoms of colon cancer can be caused by other, less serious conditions, so it’s crucial to rule out other, less dangerous causes before seeking treatment.

Fortunately, most colorectal cancers can be treated early if they are detected in the early stages.

Risk factors

 

risk factors

The risk of colon cancer can be increased by a number of factors. For instance, you may have a family history of the disease, which can increase your risk by up to 80 percent.

Some of these risk factors may be difficult to control, but some are within your power to influence.

Some are inherited, such as Lynch syndrome, while others can be caused by a variety of lifestyle factors.

Other risk factors include obesity and physical inactivity.

Being obese or overweight increases your risk for colon cancer, which is why it is important to reduce your weight.

Studies have shown that reducing your BMI and exercising regularly reduces your risk. Other lifestyle changes may also reduce your colon cancer risk.

For example, taking aspirin can lower your risk and prevent polyps from growing in your colon.

The type of diet you eat also affects your risk. A high-fat diet is associated with a higher risk for colon cancer than a diet high in fiber-rich foods.

Fiber-rich foods help cleanse the colon of cancer-forming substances.

You should also limit the amount of processed meat and red meat, which have been associated with increased colon cancer.

You should get screened for colon cancer if you have any of these risk factors.

Although colon cancer is not common in people without genetically-determined risk factors, screening is still recommended for people with these factors.

Treatment

 

treatment of colon cancer drug

There are several different treatments for colon cancer. Some involve chemo or surgery, and others do not.

Surgery is sometimes necessary if cancer has spread to other organs and is preventing the colon from being able to empty properly.

Another procedure is a colostomy, which involves cutting part of the colon off and attaching it to a skin opening.

Surgery is not usually a cure for colon cancer, but it can extend your life. The procedure involves cutting out the section of the colon that contains cancer, as well as any nearby lymph nodes.

A doctor then gives you chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. The chemotherapy usually lasts six months and is called adjuvant therapy.

CT scans can help determine whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

An x-ray machine and computer are connected to make detailed pictures of the inside of the body.

A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs show up more clearly.

In addition to x-rays, your doctor may order a blood test called a CEA assay to determine whether you have colon cancer.

Surgery for colon cancer may also involve removing the entire colon.

The surgeon will then create a stoma, an opening on the outside of the body, through which waste can pass.

This colostomy may not be permanent, depending on how the lower colon heals

If the entire lower colon is removed, however, the stoma may stay in place.

Questions People Ask:

People also inquire about the leading cause of colon cancer.

Lack of consistent physical activity A diet deficient in fruit and vegetables. A diet lacking in fiber and high in fat, or one rich in processed meats. Overweight and obesity.

 

What foods are associated with colon cancer?

Similarly to processed meats, processed grains can raise the chance of developing colon cancer. White bread and other foods made with refined grains can increase blood sugar levels, resulting in insulin resistance. This can increase your risk of colon and other cancers, such as kidney cancer.

 

Who is at the greatest risk for colon cancer?

Cancer of the colon can occur in young adults and adolescents, although the majority of colorectal malignancies occur in those over 50 years old. Men are diagnosed with colon cancer at an average age of 68, while women are diagnosed at an average age of 72. For rectal cancer, the median age for men and women is 63 years

 

What are the asymptomatic symptoms of colon cancer? 

How to spot colorectal cancer’s quiet symptoms
Changes in bowel habits lasting longer than a few days, including diarrhea, constipation, and changes in stool consistency.

Blood in the feces, either bright red or dark red.

Constant tiredness.

Cramping, stomach pain, or bloating.

Abnormal weight loss

 

How do you prevent colon cancer?

Some studies suggest that increased physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol use, and avoiding tobacco may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer.

What destroys colon cancer cells

Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals to eliminate cancer cells. If the cancer is bigger or has spread to the lymph nodes, chemotherapy is commonly used following surgery for colon cancer. In this method, chemotherapy may eliminate any remaining cancer cells and lower the likelihood of cancer recurrence.

 

What constitutes the initial stage of colon cancer?

Early indications of colon cancer may include blood in the stool, difficulty defecating (long-lasting diarrhea or constipation), cramping, distension, or pain in the area of the gut, or a persistent decrease in stool size.

 

Is colon cancer curable?

When confined to the gut, colon cancer is a highly treatable and sometimes curable condition. Approximately fifty percent of people who have surgery are cured of their condition.

 

How is it possible to identify colon cancer in its early stages?

The most effective screening test now available for colorectal cancer is a colonoscopy. The only screening test that can detect a significant number of colorectal cancers is this one. The following is some information concerning this test that you need to be aware of: Your doctor will perform a colonoscopy on you so that he or she may look at the lining of your whole colon for any signs of polyps or tumors.

Can you survive colon cancer?

The survival rate is 91% when the cancer is detected at an early stage while it is still localized. 72% of patients will be alive after 5 years if the disease has spread to tissues or organs in the immediate area, as well as to regional lymph nodes. If the colon cancer has progressed to other parts of the body, there is a 14% chance of surviving over the course of five years.

Does drinking water with lemon cleanse the colon?

It is common knowledge that lemon contains potent antimicrobial capabilities. Drinking water with lemon first thing in the morning is a great way to keep your body healthy and free of infections. Pectin is found in great quantities in lemon, and this nutrient is known to do wonders for the health of your colon. Lemon is also known to be an effective detox agent.

 

Is eating bananas a smart way to prevent colon cancer?

Other high-fiber fruits like pears, apples, and bananas (which are excellent sources of magnesium) also promote good digestive and colon health and lower the risk of colon cancer. Pears, apples, and bananas are examples of these fruits.

 

Conclusion

 

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