What is the Treatment for Eczema in the Body?
Various treatments are available for eczema, including topical corticosteroids that are applied to the affected area to prevent flare-ups.
They may be applied frequently or used for a longer period of time.
The use of these medications can produce a stinging sensation during the application process, but will usually improve the symptoms of eczema once treatment is stopped.
Another treatment, called antihistamines, is used to block histamine’s effects.
Several emollients are available over-the-counter, although higher-strength products are typically available only on prescription.
Some of these products contain fragrances, which can irritate skin and may need to be tested on a small area of skin before use.
Some people find that different emollients work best for them, so you may want to try different types of products until you find one that works for you.
You can also visit the American Academy of Dermatology for a list of suitable products.
Emollients should be applied at least five minutes after bathing to minimize the possibility of skin irritation.
Emollients are available in two forms: lotions and ointments. Lotions contain higher amounts of water than ointments and are more easily absorbed by the skin.
Lotions are often more suitable for larger areas but can become less effective over time.
Creams are more suitable for chronic eczema and lotions are usually a better choice for sensitive skin.
In addition to their role in the body’s immune system, antihistamines can also be used for sleep.
In fact, the main benefit of antihistamines in the treatment of eczema is their ability to make you fall asleep.
Some people, however, dislike being drowsy while taking antihistamines. Alice, for example, stopped taking antihistamines because she couldn’t function.
Himesh, on the other hand, couldn’t stay awake in class while taking antihistamines.
Topical steroid creams are one of the most popular medicines used for eczema treatment.
They resemble the hormone cortisol and work to reduce inflammation and itching.
In addition, topical steroids moisturize skin and may help control severe flares.
However, these creams are usually only used for short periods of time, and long-term use may lead to thinning of the skin.
The use of topical corticosteroids for treating eczema is common in people suffering from moderate to severe eczema.
Topical steroids with medium to high potency are generally prescribed for patients with mild to moderately severe disease.
However, patients who suffer from an acute flare-up should use high-potency topical corticosteroids for up to two weeks, then replace the topical steroid with a different one.
Moreover, topical corticosteroids have numerous side effects.
Although the medication is effective for relieving dermatitis symptoms within hours or days, these medicines have significant side effects, such as increased blood pressure, gastrointestinal problems, and decreased bone density.
These drugs should not be used without consulting a dermatologist, except in severe cases. However, they may be useful for treating certain skin disorders such as atopic dermatitis.
The use of ultraviolet (UV) light in phototherapy for eczema is effective for mild to moderate conditions.
However, patients who are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have other photo-sensitivity disorders should not receive UV light therapy. Patients should consult a physician before undergoing phototherapy.
There are certain precautions, including monitoring skin cancer and radiation exposure.
Also, pregnant or nursing women should consult with a doctor before undergoing phototherapy.
Two types of ultraviolet light therapy are available.
Both use the same wavelengths, but the treatments are slightly different.
The PUVA treatment uses a combination of UVA and UVB light. While the former is more effective, PUVA may be better for certain conditions.
People with pustular psoriasis and moderate-to-severe eczema should seek a dermatologist’s advice before starting PUVA.
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