Last Updated on June 11, 2022 by Nurse Vicky
What is the Cause Cause of Breast Cancer in Women Lives?
Breast cancer in women is caused by the inherited BRCA1 and BRCA2 tumor suppressor genes. Genetic testing is a new way to determine if a woman has an increased risk of breast cancer.
Lifestyle changes can also increase a woman’s risk of breast cancer. In this article, you’ll learn about some of the factors that influence breast cancer risk.
And, you’ll learn about treatment options for breast cancer.
Genetic testing can identify women with inherited mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 tumor suppressor genes
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are known to carry cancer-causing mutations. A blood or saliva test can identify if you have one of these mutations. S
standard gene sequencing can detect most BRCA mutations. Rearrangements in the BRCA genes include duplications and deletions.
A positive result indicates an increased risk of developing cancer. Rearrangements larger than five percent can also be detected.
The mutation can be passed down through family history. It must have occurred in a first-degree relative.
Other relatives must have had breast cancer at an early age. If the cancer was found in a second-degree relative, that person has a 50% chance of developing it as well.
In addition to breast cancer, the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes may also lead to pancreatic and prostate cancer.
Women with inherited mutations in the BRCA2 and BRCA1 tumor suppressor genes are at a high risk of developing the disease.
These women may also have mutations in other genes. The information they receive can help determine which genes are responsible for their hereditary cancer risk.
As research advances, more advanced testing technologies can look at the entire DNA sequence.
This “whole genome” approach will identify more genes that are associated with cancer susceptibility. However, it will take some time before we know if our risk increases.
Lifestyle factors influence the risk of developing breast cancer
Some lifestyle factors increase the risk of developing breast cancer in women. The affluent have a higher risk than the poor, but the difference is not because of socioeconomic status.
Rather, it is due to differences in lifestyle, diet, and environmental exposures.
Women with dense breasts are more likely to develop the disease and are also more likely to have a second or third cancer.
Similarly, women with certain non-cancerous breast diseases have a higher risk of developing the disease.
Many of the factors that increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer have been linked to her diet.
Consuming large amounts of red meat and processed meats may increase her risk of developing breast cancer.
Eating low amounts of fruits and vegetables is also a risk factor. Other rumored risk factors include antiperspirants, wearing underwire bras, and not wearing bras at night.
However, these risks are still unknown.
While there is no direct link between age at menopause and the risk of developing breast cancer, age at first pregnancy and having children after 30 increases the likelihood of getting the disease.
During pregnancy, women tend to reduce their risk. While pregnancy lowers the number of menstrual cycles, oral contraceptives increase a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.
Once the pills are stopped, the risk of developing the disease is back to normal.
While surgery is the most common treatment option for breast cancer in women, there are many other treatment options.
A surgeon may perform radiation therapy or chemotherapy to shrink cancer before removing it.
Depending on the type and extent of cancer, a woman may require chemotherapy before having surgery.
Her treatment options may include chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or targeted therapies.
In addition, a woman may be able to undergo breast-conserving surgery if the tumor shrinks to a size that is acceptable to the surgeon.
Among the many treatments available, chemotherapy is the most common. It works by destroying cancer cells and preventing them from dividing.
The drugs are often infused into the bloodstream so that they reach cancer cells throughout the body.
If you’re interested in finding out which drugs are available for treatment, visit Drugs Approved for Breast Cancer to learn more about each type. However, chemotherapy can have side effects.
A woman’s body naturally produces estrogen. Treatments that block the hormones are often called hormonal therapy or tamoxifen.
Hormone therapy works by blocking the actions of certain hormones, which can cause certain types of cancer to grow.
Other treatments, including surgery and hormone therapy, work by blocking or inhibiting the production of certain hormones.
One type of targeted therapy is ovarian ablation, which works by removing the ovaries, which are responsible for some types of breast cancer.
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